Cullens of Upton DNA: DNA results for Cullen families descended from the Cullens of Upton, Nottinghamshire, England. This branch traces back to several generations before Richard Cullen who died in Upton in 1579/80
I(x) Variant Groups: Analysis of three variant groups that fall within the I1b2* clade. The variant DYS459a,b,455,454 combinations defining these groups are 8,9,10,12 - 8,10,10,11 - and 10,10,10,12. Mainstream I1b2* is found with the combination 8,10,10,12.
"I1b2*" Search Results: Examines search results for the closest matches to the DNA of the Cullens of Upton, Nottinghamshire. The suspected haplogroup is "I1b2*", formerly known as the "I(x)" cluster.
Hg"I" Cullen DNA Results: DNA results for Cullen families who are members of the I Haplogroup. So far all are some subgroup of "I1b".
Cullen Family Traits Page: This is ongoing project for the Cullen Genealogy Homepage that attempts to quantify and organize the traits of known Cullen families in an effort to verify the similar descriptions of supposedly unrelated Cullen families.
ASD Calculations: Explanations of the concepts of ASD and haplotype age estimation and a treatment of ASD calculations (tailored for spreadsheets) according to Ken Nordtvedt's conventions.
Error Estimates of ASD Calculations: Concepts of sampling error inherent to ASD calculations, standard error of final results, and corrective factors to haplotype age estimates.
ASD Analysis of Simulated Populations: ASD calculations and advanced methods using real and simulated populations. This section concentrates on variance distribution of simulated populations and difficult estimation for small groups and shallow trees.
Links to More Information on I1b2* and Related Subclades