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|The Perrin Family|
in the Civil War
James Benjamin Perrin Jr.
William Perrin (1830-1914) served in the 100th OVI the entire length of his enlistment, from the time it was organized until it was mustered out in June of 1865. The 100th Regiment Infantry was organized at Toledo, Ohio during July and August 1862 under Colonel John C. Groom. William Perrin enlisted as a private in Company F August 7, 1862. His description at time of enlistment was age 32, height 5' - 9 1/2", complexion dark, eyes black, and occupation mechanic. He was discharged as a sergeant on June 20, 1865 at Greensboro, North Carolina. The 100th Regiment served in Kentucky until September of 1863 when it marched to East Tennessee. They participated in the defense of Knoxville and, in the spring of 1864, marched with the 23rd Army Corps, joined Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and was engaged in almost every battle from Rocky Face Ridge to Atlanta. After the Campaign of the Carolinas and the advance on Raleigh, the 100th had duty at Greensboro, N.C. until being mustered out on June 20, 1865. The Regiment was formally discharged at Cleveland, Ohio July 1, 1865. Although there is no record of William Perrin being wounded or injured during his service in the war, on May 27, 1898, he made application for and received a veteran's pension because of a sistic rheumatism disability.
David H. Perrin (1836-1918) enrolled as a private in Co. F, 14th Regiment, April 22, 1861 at Napoleon, Henry County, Ohio and was mustered into service May 19, 1861 at Cleveland to serve three months. The 14th Regiment, for 3 months service, was officially organized at Toledo April 25, 1861 and, from Cleveland, moved to Columbus on May 22nd. They went to West Virginia and moved to Clarksburg May 29th. On June 3rd they saw action at Philippi and were in the West Virginia Campaign from June 6th through the 17th. Then it was Laurel Hill on July 7th, Belington on July 8th, and joined the Pursuit of Garnett, July 13-17, 1861, which included Carrick's Ford on July 13th and 14th. They were ordered back to Toledo July 22nd and on the 25th of July the Fourteenth pulled into Union Station in Toledo. Of the 1,058 men who had left Toledo, all but eleven returned. Three were killed in battle, two were killed accidentally by friendly fire, and six died from disease. They were mustered out August 13, 1861, expiration of term, with many of them believing that the war would soon be over.. David Perrin's second tour of duty in the Civil War was not with Co. E of the 14th as some had written, but with Co. E the 130th Regiment Infantry. He enlisted May 2, 1864 at Maumee City, Ohio and was mustered into service a sergeant on May 13th for 100 days. Originally the First Ohio National Guard, the regiment reported to Sandusky for consolidation and mustering. Under Colonel Charles B. Phillips, they moved to Johnson's Island to guard prisoners of war. On the 4th of June, 1864, they were ordered to Bermuda Hundred via Washington and assigned to the Second Brigade, Third Division, Tenth Army Corps under General Butler. The time was primarily spent drilling, digging rifle pits, and picketing the lines. It marched on June 21st and, on June 22nd, the regiment participated in a skirmish at Deep Bottom with only one man wounded. On the 11th of August, it marched to Bermuda Hundred and then proceeded on transports to Fort Powhatten. They mustered out at Toledo on September 22, 1864, having no war casualties but losing 1 officer and 22 enlisted men by disease. During his terms of servoce, David H. Perrin suffered a severe double hernia which, years later, contributed to his death. He received a veteran's pension for this disability.
Benjamin F. Perrin (abt1834-1865) also had two tours of duty, the first in Company C, 21st OVI. The 21st Regiment Infantry (for 3 months) was organized at Camp Taylor, Cleveland, Ohio on April 27, 1861 under Colonel Jesse S. Norton. Benjamin Perrin's date of enlistment was April 26, 1861. The regiment moved from Cleveland to Gallipolis, Ohio on May 23, 1861 and remained on duty there until July, at which time they were assigned to Cox's Kanawha Brigade in West Virginia. They patrolled up the Kanawha River on July 7th and were at Scarey Creek July 14th through July 17th. They were mustered out August 12, 1861 (same as Benjamin's discharge date) when the three month term of service expired. Benjamin re-enlisted in Co.I, 68th Regiment Ohio Volunteers on December 6, 1861. The 68th Regiment Infantry was organized during October - December, 1861 at Camp Latta, Napoleon, Ohio under Colonel Samuel Steedman. Benjamin's military records show that his unit, probably meaning Company I, was commanded by Captain Hiram H. Poe. The regiment moved to Camp Chase, Ohio on January 21, 1862 and, on February 14th, arrived at Fort Donelson, Tennessee and took part in the defense of that place. In March, they moved to Pittsburg, or Crump's, Landing and guarded supply trains during the battle. They were in the Battle of Shiloh April 6th and 7th, and took an active part in the seige of Corinth, Mississippi April 29th to May 30th. The regiment also participated in the battles of Iuka and Metamora, and joined Grant's Mississippi Campaign. They moved on to Memphis, Tennessee January 20, 1863, thence to Lake Providence on February 22nd. On April 10, they moved to Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, and it was probably during the stay there that Company I was detached to assist in organizing the 9th Regiment Louisiana Volunteers of African descent. The 68th had moved out, but Benjamin Perrin was at Milliken's Bend on June 7, 1863 where he was killed by Rebel forces during fierce hand-to-hand combat.
James M. Perrin (abt1832-1864) also lost his life while fighting in the Civil War. Just about the time that the 3-month volunteers of the 14th Regiment (of which David H. Perrin was a member) returned to Toledo, President Lincoln called for more volunteers to serve for three years. On August 5, 1861, the 14th Ohio was reorganized. The ten companies that made up the Fourteenth were: Companies A, B, and J from Toledo; C from Bryan; D from Defiance; E from Stryker; F from Napoleon; G from Antwerp; H from Wauseon; and I from Waterville. James Perrin was enrolled in Co. A at Maumee City and mustered into service as a sergeant on August 14, 1861 to serve for 3 years or the duration of the war. The 14th Ohio Regiment had a long and glorious history, too much to even outline here, and was mustered out of service in Louisville, Kentucky on July 11, 1865, after which they came back to Cleveland by train. Of the 1,058 original members of the Fourteenth three-year enlistees, 72 were left dead on the battlefields, 16 were missing after battles, 37 were captured, 42 died from wounds received in battle, 136 died from disease, 324 were discharged for wounds and other disabilities, 28 deserted, 29 were discharged to accept commissions, and 66 were transferred to other commands. In late August of 1864, the 14th was part of the Corps that moved around Atlanta to Jonesboro, Georgia to block supply lines. On the 1st of September, in a battle near Jonesboro, the Fourteenth's Colonel Este led the entire Third Brigade in a charge to the Confederate works. The Fourteenth captured almost 300 prisoners, but it was not without cost to the Regiment, who had sixteen men killed and 74 wounded. Among the wounded were Major Wilson, who led the regiment into the battle, and Sergeant James Perrin, both of whom died within the next month. James died at the 3rd Division, 14th A.C. Hosp., Atlanta, Ga. on September 21, 1864 of a "penetrating wound of thorax".
The David H. Perrin above is my great-grandfather. My name has been passed down to me in honor of the two brothers that were killed -- James and Benjamin Perrin.