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HomepageWilliam & Elizabeth Cullen
of Boston, Lincolnshire
Wendy Weedon of Kent, England and Wendy Parkinson


I would like to take this opportunity to thank Wendy Weedon for her research efforts into the family of William & Elizabeth Cullen. So much new information has been uncovered through her research that I have decided to create a page for this family specifically. As Wendy forwards further information, this page will of course be updated. Wendy's specific interest is Sarah Cullen, daughter of William & Elizabeth, born in 1823. We may also thank the Ingham family of the UK, and the Scherer family of Toledo, Ohio, USA. Their research has also contributed to the knowledge we have of this Cullen family. I would also like to send a 'thank you' to Wendy Parkinson for her help with some of the census information. Her website is the Parkinson Page and is a very useful and interesting resource for those with a connection to Lincolnshire. Follow the link to her English Church Photographs and you'll find over 750 photos of churches around Lincolnshire. There are also links, more photos, transcribed records, and her personal research pages. Wendy offers reasonable rates for research in Licolnshire.



Family of William & Elizabeth Cullen, near Boston, Lincolnshire

William and Elisabeth (Houghton or Horton) Cullen
Husband: William Cullen ch. Feb 23, 1795 Great Hale, Lincs. Labourer. According to an obituary mention and census info, lived Leake district, near Boston, Lincolnshire in his later years. William died in 1866 and his burial is recorded as June 2, 1866 at age 71, Leake, St Mary Anglican, Linc. There is a photo page for this family thanks to the Ingham family, relatives of the Cullens in the UK.

Wife: Elisabeth Houghton (or possibly Horton). Some information tends to support Horton as Elisabeth's maiden name but most evidence is in favor of the name Houghton. According to census information, Elizabeth was nearly the same age as William and born at Great Hale. Parish registers do show an Elizabeth Houghton, daughter of Matthew and Ann Houghton, christened Aug 1, 1793 at Great & Little Hale, Lincolnshire.

Married: Dec 11, 1816 Great Hale, Lincs.
Children (All ch. Great Hale, Lincs.):

Enos and Seth were born and raised in a two-story stone farmhouse near Boston, Lincolnshire, England. To see a photo of their home, click here. Thanks to Jean Scherer for this one! Mrs. Scherer is the gr-gr-grandaughter of Seth Cullen and has provided the photos of Seth Cullen and his descendants. Also from the Scherer family is a photo featuring the Lady of Nottingham, an unknown relative of the Cullen family.

According to the marriage index, William Cullen married in 1816 at Great Hale to an Elizabeth Horton. The only children of this couple are found at Gosberton. Note that wife Elizabeth had children every other year and during the summer months (such patterns are fairly common) - right when the children end at Great Hale, they pick up again at Gosberton - every other year and during the summer. In addition, notes concerning the Cowham family indicate that these children are siblings of those born at Great Hale. The three children are:





Census and other Information

Wendy's specific interest is in Sarah Cullen, daughter of William & Elizabeth Cullen, christened in 1823. It is almost certain that this Sarah Cullen was the one married to Charles Coupland. In support of this is the fact that William H. Cullen, son of Seth Cullen, kept a small black notebook containing, among other things, names and addresses of contacts in England. The entries are: John Cowham of Sheffield, England; Charles Coupland of Nottingham, England; and Mrs C. Warnes (or Waynes, Warues) of Norfolk, England. As it turns out, this was a list of aunts and uncles living in England.

In addition to this, Wendy has been able to locate information on the deaths of Charles & Sarah Coupland in Nottinghamshire. Charles died in 1911 followed by Sarah in 1912. Sarah's age at the time of her death is given as 89, which makes her year of birth about 1823. This is the same as the year of birth of Sarah, daughter of William & Elizabeth Cullen. In a search of the National Burial Index online, Wendy also found the burials of Sarah's two elder children, William and Miranda, in 1864 and 1862 respectively.

Sarah Coupland (nee Cullen) was suspected as being the identity of the Lady of Nottingham, but given that Sarah died in 1912, this can now be said to be incorrect. The photo of the "Lady of Nottingham" was taken in 1914.

In search of more information, the Census of 1841, 1851, and 1861 was consulted. Thank you to Wendy Parkinson for help on this set of census data. The family of William & Elizabeth Cullen was located for 1841, 1851, and 1861 as follows:



William & Elizabeth (Houghton) Cullen Family in the British Census

1841 Census: Parish of Leak, Lincolnshire1851 Census: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • William Cullen age 45 Farmer
  • Elizabeth Cullen age 45
  • Ann Cullen age 20
  • Enos Cullen age 18
  • George Cullen age 14
  • Charlotte Cullen age 11
  • Jemima Cullen age 8
  • Elvina Cullen age 6
  • Harriet Cullen age 4
  • Charles Cullen age 2
  • Thomas Cullen age 85 Independent Means
  • William Cullen Head age 56 Farmer 36 acres born Little Hale
  • Elizabeth Cullen Wife age 55 born Great Hale
  • Ann Daughter age 33 U born Great Hale
  • Enos Farmer's Son 29 U born Great Hale
  • George Son age 26 born Great Hale
  • Charlotte Daughter U age 21 born Great Hale
  • Elvina Daughter U age 17 Born Great Hale
  • Harriet Daughter U age 16 born Gosberton
  • Charles Son U age 12 born Leake


1861 Census: Felland(?) Leake, Lincolnshire
  • William Cullen Head age 66 Farmer born Little Hale
  • Elizabeth Cullen Wife age 67 born Great Hale
  • Jemima Daughter age 28 born Gosberton
  • Charles Son age 22 born Leake
  • Joseph Cowham son-in-law age 21 born Leake
  • Harriet Cowham daughter age 24 born Gosberton


It was a disappointment that Sarah was not found anywhere in the 1841 Census. However, several interesting facts regarding the family can be deduced from the census information. We have an approximate age for Elizabeth Cullen, wife of William Cullen. She was born in about the same year as William, 1795. Enos Cullen is present in 1841 and 1851, age 18 and then 29. It had always been assumed that Enos, Seth, and the mysterious "Kate" all emigrated to the US together. We know from the Obituary of Seth Cullen that Seth had already arrived in the US by 1840, meaning that Enos was left behind to appear on the 1841 and 1851 Census in England.

Thomas Cullen, age 85 of Independent Means on the 1841 Census, is immediately identified as Thomas Cullen, father of William Cullen. Thomas' wife, Elizabeth (Gratrix) had passed away in 1809 and, probably due to advanced age, Thomas eventually took up residence with his son William 's family by the time of the 1841 Census. Since Thomas died in 1848, he would not appear on the 1851 Census, which is what we find. His date of birth according to the 1841 Census would be about 1752-1756 timeframe since, as Wendy Parkinson reminds us, ages were rounded down to the nearest 5-yr increment in the 1841 Census. Thomas died in 1848 and his age was given then as 96 years, making his date of birth about 1752. When Thomas married Elizabeth Gratrix in 1778, his age was given as 25 years, making his date of birth about 1753. According to the records, Thomas, father of William, was born in December of 1751. We can be fairly certain then that the Thomas mentioned was the father of William.

The information from the 1841 and 1861 Census verifies that the children of William & Elizabeth Cullen from the Great & Little Hale baptismal registers and those mentioned in the baptismal registers of Gosberton, are all from the same parents. The relationship between the Cullens and the Cowhams is verified and we have extra information there too. We also gather that there was one more son of William & Elizabeth Cullen, born about 1839 in Leake. However, it is unlikely that Charles Cullen married or had any children of his own since he died in 1875 with no recorded marriage.



David & Jemima (Cullen) French Family in the British Census

1871 Census: Wisbech, St. Mary, Cambridgeshire1881 Census: Wisbech, St. Mary, Cambridgeshire
  • David French, Head, age 32, Occupation: Farmer of 54 Acres, birthplace: Cobit, Lincolnshire
  • Jemima French, Wife, age 34, birthplace: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Ann French, daughter, age 2, birthplace Wisbech, St. Mary, Cambridgeshire
  • n/k French, son, age under 1 month, birthplace, Wisbech, St. Mary, Cambridgeshire
  • Charles Cullen, Brother in law, unmarried, age 30, occupation: agricultural labourer, birthplace: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Elizabeth Ward, Nurse, widow, age 56, occupation: nurse, birthplace: Chateris, Cambridgeshire
  • Henry Wright, servant, unmarried, age 20, occupation: Farm servant, birthplace: Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire
  • David French, Head, age 42, Farmer of 5 acres, born: Cowbit, Lincs
  • Jemima French, Wife, age 46, born: Gosberton, Lincs
  • Anne Eliza French, daughter in school, age 12, born: Guyhim, Cambridge
  • John William French, son in school, age 10, born: Guyhim, Cambridge
  • David French, son in school, age 8, born: Guyhim, Cambridge
  • Enos French, son in school, age 7, born: Guyhim, Cambridge
  • Jemima French, daughter, age 2, born: Guyhim, Cambridge
  • Ann Cullen, visitor, unmarried, age 56, born: Great Hale, Lincs
  • Abraham Hawkins, servant, agricultural laborer, unmarried, age 22, born: Guyhim, Cambridge

1891 Census: Silt Pit Road, Walpole St. Peter, Norfolk1901 Census: Manor Farm, Kettlestone, Norfolk
  • David French, Head, age 52, Occupation: Farmer, Born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Jemima A. French, Wife, age 54, Born: Gosberton, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph C. French, son, age 23, single, Occupation: Worker on Farm, Born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • John W. French, son, age 20, single, Occupation: Worker on Farm, Born: Guyhirn, Cambridgeshire
  • Enos French, son, age 17, single, Occupation: Worker on Farm, Born: Guyhirn, Cambridgeshire
  • Jemima A. French, daughter, age 12, born: Guyhirn, Cambridgeshire
  • Edward, Nicoles, servant, age 24, single, Occupation: Farm Servant, Born: East Dereham, Norfolk
  • David French, Head, age 62, Occupation: Farmer (employer), Born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Jemima A. French, Wife, age 66, Born: Gosberton, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph C. French, son, age, 33, single, Occupation: Farmer's son, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Arthur E. French, son, age 27, single, Occupation: Farmer's son, born: Guyhirn, Cambridgeshire
  • Jemima A. French, daughter, age 22, single, born: Guyhirn, Cambridgeshire

Notes: In the 1871 Census we find Charles Cullen, age 30 and unmarried, present with the family. His age and stated relation, brother-in-law, identifies him as Charles Frederick Cullen, son of William & Elizabeth Cullen, born in 1838 in Leake. Since we find a record of his death only five years later, it is unlikely he married or had any children. We also find in the 1881 Census, Ann Cullen age 56, the eldest daughter of William & Elizabeth Cullen.

Note that Enos French is called Arthur E. French in 1901 and also that an extra son, Joseph C. French age 23, pops up on the 1891 census. Further research revealed him in 1871 and 1881 living with his grandparents, David and Ann French, in Cowbit, Lincolnshire as follows:

1871 Census: Barrier Bank Road, Cowbit, Lincolnshire1881 Census: Barrier Bank Road, Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • David French, Head, age 61, Occupation: Farmer of 20 acres employing 1 boy, Born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Ann French, Wife, age 55, Born: Spalding, Lincolnshire
  • Betsy French, daughter, age 24, single, Occupation: Farmer's daughter, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Jane French, daughter, age 22, single, Occupation: Farmer's daughter, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph French, grandson, age 3, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Freeman Caban, lodger, age 23, single, Occupation: Police Officer, born: Leverton, Lincolnshire
  • David French, Head, age 70, Occupation: Farmer of 17 acres, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Ann French, Wife, age 65, Occupation: Farmer's Wife Born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Betsy French, daughter, age 34, single, Occupation: Farmer's daughter, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Jane French, daughter, age 32, single, Occupation: Farmer's daughter, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph French, grandson, age 13, Occupation: Scholar, born: Cowbit, Lincolnshire




James & Charlotte (Cullen) Warnes Family in the British Census

1871 Census: Common Marsh
Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
1881 Census: New Common Marsh
Terrington St Clement, Norfolk
  • James Warnes, Head, age 39, Occupation: Farmer of 120 acres, employing 2 labourers, Born: Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
  • Charlotte G. Warnes, wife, age 40, born: Hale Magna, Lincolnshire
  • William J. Warnes, son, age 13, born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • Augusta M. Warnes, daughter, age 10, born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • George G. Warnes, son, age 3, born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • William Lade, servant, age 21, Occupation: Agricultural Labourer, Born: Gayton, Norfolk
  • Mark Barley, servant, age 17, Occupation: Agricultural labourer, Born: Broughton, Norfolk
  • Emma Lavery, servant, age 17, Occupation: Domestic Servant, Born: Tilney St., Lawrence, Norfolk
  • Herbert Fawkes, servant, age 16, Occupation: Groom, Born: Downham, Norfolk
  • James Warnes, Head, age 49, Farmer of 120 acres 1 man & 1 boy, born: Terrington St Clement, Norfolk
  • Charlotte Gratrix Warnes, age 50, Farmer's wife, born: Great Hale, Lincs
  • William James Warnes, age 23, Farmer's son, unmarried, born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • George Gratrix Warnes, age 13, Farmer's son, born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • John Caley, age 17, Farm Servant (Indoors), unmarried, born: Manea, Cambridge

1891 Census: New Common Marsh
Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
1901 Census: New Common Marsh
Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
  • Charlotte G. Warnes, Head, age 60, Widow, Born: Hale Magna, Lincolnshire
  • George G. Warnes, son, age 23, single, Occupation: Farmer's son, Born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • Mahala Wright, servant, age 16, single, Occupation: General domestic servant, born: West Walton, Norfolk
  • John Crane, servant, age 18, single, Occupation: Farm servant, born: Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
  • Walter Watson, servant, age 13, Occupation: Farm servant, Born: Walpole St. Andrew, Norfolk
  • Charlotte G. Warnes, Head, age 70, Widow, Occupation: Farmer, Born: Hale Magna, Lincolnshire
  • George G. Warnes, son, age 33, married, Occupation: Farm Steward, Born: Clenchwarton, Norfolk
  • Annie M. Warnes, Daughter-in-law, age 29, born: Emneth, Norfolk
  • George V. Warnes, Grandson, age 7, born: Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
  • Ann Cullen, visitor, age 83, single, Occupation: living on own means, born: Hale Magna, Lincolnshire


Ann Cullen again appears as a visitor to a household. She is still unmarried at the time of the 1901 Census and it's likely she never married at all. Ann and Charlotte are of course sisters. Six years later, Ann Cullen's death is registered in the June quarter of 1907, Wisbech Cambridgeshire. She was 89 years old. Charlotte's death at age 90 is registered in the September quarter of 1920 at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire. We've discovered that Charlotte (Cullen) Warnes is the only daughter of William & Elizabeth Cullen to have lived past the year of 1914, indicating that she may be woman in the photo we have called the "Lady of Nottingham".



Joseph & Harriet (Cullen) Cowham Family in the British Census

1871 Census: Spilsby Road, Leake, Lincolnshire1881 Census: 44 High Street, Navenby, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph Cowham, Head, age 33, Occupation: Grocer, Born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Harriett Cowham, Wife, age 34, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • John W. Cowham, son, age 9, Occupation: Scholar, Born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Charles H. Cowham, son, age 7, Occupation: Scholar, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Elvina M. Cowham, daughter, age 5, Occupation: Scholar, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Charles R. Cowham, son, age 3, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Betsy Lancaster, servant, age 13, Occupation: Domestic servant, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph Cowham, age 43, Head, Draper & Grocer, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Harriet Cowham, age 43, Wife, born: Gosberton, Lincolnshire
  • John Cowham, age 19, son, Draper's Assistant, Unmarried, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Richard Cowham, age 13, Son in School, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Annie Cowham, age 3, Daughter, born: Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Arthur Cowham, age 2, Son, born: Leake, Lincolnshire

1891 Census: High Street, Navenby, Lincolnshire1901 Census: High Street, Navenby, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph Cowham, age 52 grocer and draper born Old Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Harriet Cowham, age 54, wife, born: Gosberton, Lincolnshire
  • Charles Cowham, age 27, son, baker, born: Old Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Annie Cowham, age 13, daughter, scholar, born: Old Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Ann Cullen, age 72, sister in law, single, living on own means, born: Hale, Lincolnshire
  • Seth Cullen, age 71, brother in law, married, farmer, born: Hale, Lincolnshire
  • Joseph Cowham, Head, age 61, widower, Occupation: Grocer & Draper, Born: Old Leake, Lincolnshire
  • Annie Cowham, daughter, age 23, single, Occupation: Domestic Housekeeper, Born: Old Leake, Lincolnshire


Notes: Harriet Agnes Cowham, daughter of William & Elizabeth Cullen, was born in 1836. It is known that she died of Bright's Disease in 1893. She was 55 years old. According to the family, an "Aunt Cullen" came to watch over the children after the mother had passed away. In the 1891 Census we find Ann Cullen, age 72 and unmarried, present with the family. Ann is one of Harriet's sisters. Since this is only two years before Harriet's death, we may assume that Ann Cullen is the "Aunt Cullen" mentioned, especially if Harriet's illness was prolonged. Also present is Seth Cullen, age 71, who is visiting from America. It is known that Seth's family made trips to England to visit relatives but on this occasion he may be present due to his sister's illness. Note that in 1871 both younger sons are listed as Charles. The census images were checked again and both younger sons are written as 'Charles', but it is assumed that Charles R. is Richard, as per 1881.



Charles & Sarah (Cullen) Coupland Family in the British Census

1851 Census: Bonner Lane, Boston, Linconlnshire1861 Census: Church Row, Skirbeck, Lincolnshire
  • Sarah Cullen Head Married age 27 ?? maker born Hale
  • William Cullen son age 6 born Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Sarah Cullen Head unmarried age 36 Landed Proprietor born Great Hale
  • William Cullen son unmarried age 16 Turner and Fitter born Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Miranda Elizabeth Charlotte Cullen daughter age 8 born Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Charlotte Cullen daughter age 4 born Boston, Lincolnshire


Although Sarah Cullen is listed as married in the 1851 Census, no marriage has been found and so the father of William, Miranda Elizabeth, and Charlotte is not known. In 1861 Sarah is listed as unmarried and she is shown as the head of the household. The birth certificate for Charlotte does not list a father and gives no former surname for Sarah but shows the mother as "Sarah Cullen". Charlotte was born at 7am on April 30, 1856 at Corpus Christi Lane, Boston, Lincolnshire. Her birth was registered June 11, 1856. Interestingly, the Registrar's name was Edward Coupland. Charlotte is present on the 1861 Census as well but now we find that Sarah Cullen is unmarried. We are fairly certain that this Sarah Cullen is the same as married to Charles Coupland in Boston in 1870.

1871 Census: Boston, Lincolnshire1881 Census: 18 St Thomass Road
Spalding, Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Charles Coupland - 44- Machine Maker - birthplace Boothby Pagnall, Lincolnshire
  • Sarah Coupland - 45 - Wife - birthplace Great Hale, Lincolnshire
  • Charlotte Cullen - 14 - Step-daughter - birthplace Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Emily A. Coupland - 12 - daughter - birthplace Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Harriet Anne Coupland - 10 - daughter - birthplace Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Louisa Charlotte Coupland - 8 - daughter - birthplace Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Rose Coupland - 5 - daughter - birthplace Boston, Lincolnshire
  • Charles Caupland, Head, 53, born: Boothby Pagnal, Lincoln, England, Occ: Assurance Agent
  • Sarah Caupland, Wife, 55, born: Great Hale, Lincoln, England
  • Charlotte Batten, Daughter & Visitor, Female married, 24, born: Boston, Lincoln, England, Occ: Innkeeper's Wife
  • Robert Batten, Daughter's Husband, Male married, 24, born: Acton, Suffolk, England, Occ: Inkeeper
  • Rose Caupland, Dau Unmarried, F, 15, born: Boston, Lincoln, England, Occ: Fathers Assistant
  • Florence Batten, Visitor, Unmarried, F, 18, born: Woolwich, Surrey, England


By the time of the 1871 Census, two of the children of Sarah Cullen had died. William Cullen, who was born in June of 1845 and registered in Boston, Lincolnshire, passed away Aug 18, 1864 at Skirbeck, Lincs. He had just turned nineteen a couple months earlier. Miranda Elizabeth, born in September of 1852 and registered in Boston, Lincolnshire, passed away two years before William on May 22, 1862 at Skirbeck, Lincs. Miranda was only nine years old. Charlotte survived to appear with her mother Sarah on the 1871 Census. We find that Sarah is again married. This time to Charles Coupland. Charles and Sarah were married in Boston a year earlier in 1870. Charles was born in 1827 at Bothby Pagnall, Lincs. He had a previous wife, Mary (last name unknown), who died Nov 15, 1868. Charles and Mary were married in 1855, accounting for Charles' listed children; Emily, Harriet, Louisa, and Rose. Charlotte is appropriately identified as a step-daughter.

By the time of the 1881 Census, we find that Charlotte has married to Robert Batten. Robert was born in September of 1856 in Woodbridge, Suffolk to parents Charles and Jane (Wilkins) Batten. The 18 year old visitor, Florence Batten, is Robert's sister.

The deaths of Charles and Sarah Coupland are recorded in Nottingham. Charles passed away first in June of 1911 followed by Sarah a year later in Dec of 1912.



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